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2016年成人高考高起点《英语》真题与答案

2021-08-03 15:57:00 作者:成教在线来源:成教在线

2016年成人高等学校招生全国统一考试

英语试题及参考答案

一、 语音知识(共5题;每题1.5分,共7.5分。)

1. A. notice B. patient C. British D. practice

2. A. bicycle B. centre C. city D. income

3. A. cloud B. country C. mountain D. round

4. A. hand B. habit C. honest D. behind

5. A. basket B. hotel C. direct D. express

二、 词汇与语法知识(共15题;每题1.5分,共22.5分。)

6. My friend Bob always _____ jokes whenever we get together. A. says B. tells C. talks D. speaks

7. Before Tom got to the cinema, the film ______. A .begins B. will begin C. has begun D. had begun

8. The driver kept one eye on _____ traffic and the other on _____ map. A. the; the B. a; a. C.不填;a D. the;不填

9. I couldn’t find my black gloves______.

A. nowhere B. anywhere C. everywhere D. somewhere

10. Mary picked up her children’s clothes that ______ on the floor.A. lie B. were lying C. have lain D. will lie

11. Jane had already finished cooking ______ the time I got home.

A. by B. on C. in D. at

12. -- Excuse me. Where is the meeting room?

-- Just a second. I’ll have someone _____ you there

A. takes B. taking C. take D. to take

13. I’ll never forget the day _____ I became a doctor.

A. that B. when C. where D. which

14. Your article is well written, but I think you should _____ it again.

A. go over B. go by C. go off D. go against

15. There’s plenty of time, so you ______ worry about it.

A. wouldn’t B. couldn’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t

16. My bedroom was very small, with the window _____ the street.

A. faces B. faced C. facing D. to face

17. A few days ago l visited a friend of _____ and that day I learned a valuable lesson.

A. me B. my C. mine D. myself

18. – Would you like to go to the theater with me tonight?

– _______, but I don’t think I can afford the time.

A. I’d like to B. Well dome C. That’s nothing D. I’m afraid not

19. Family members worked hard ______ sure that they had enough food.

A. making B. to make C. made D. make

20. The light was so _____that I had to cover my eyes.

A. natural B. weak C. soft D. bright

三、完形填空(共15题;每题2分,共30分。)

通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选择项中选出可填入相应的最佳选项。

Eleanor Roosevelt was the wife of America’s 32nd president, Franklin Roosevelt. She helped her husband in many ways during his long ___21__ life. She also became one of the most ___22____ women in America. She fought for equal for all people.

Eleanor was born in New York City in 1884. Her family had great wealth. But Eleanor did not have a happy __23__ . Her parents died when she was very young. She was raised by her grandmother. Eleanor ___24___ that as a child, her greatest happiness came from helping others.

In the early 1900s, many people were worried about the problems of __25___ people who came to America in __26__ of a better life. Eleanor could it not __27___ how people lived in such poor conditions white she and some others had so much ___28___.

After she finished school ,Eleanor began ___29____ children to read and write in one of the poorest areas of New york city .she also looked into ___30____where workers were said to be badly ____31___.she saw little children of four and five years old working until they ___32____.to the floor. she became involved (参与) with other women who ___33____the same ideas about improving social conditions.

Franklin Roosevelt began ___34____ Eleanor when he was in New York They got ___35____ in1905.In the next eleven years. They had six children. The Roosevelts moved to Washington D.C. in 1913.

21. A. political B. business C. technical D. research

22. A. different B. important C. lonely D. strict

23. A. job B. childhood C. future D. dream

24. A. imagined B. forgot C. doubled D. remembered

25. A. lazy B. strange C. foolish D. poor

26. A. honour B. memory C. search D. favor

27. A. understand B. regret C. receive D. admit

28. A. strength B. knowledge C. courage D. wealth

29. A. disturbing B. forcing C. teaching D. reminding

30. A. hospitals B. schools C. factories D. armies

31. A. followed B. treated C. protected D. chosen

32. A. sank B. run C. jumped D. dropped

33. A. shared B. allowed C. discovered D. mentioned

34. A. praising B. attacking C. visiting D. controlling

35. A. united B. separated C. accepted D. married

四、阅读理解(共15题;每题3分,共45分。)

A

It’s that time of the year-graduation. The end of school year is nearly in sight, and it’s an especially big deal if you’re finishing high school or college.

One amazing(令人惊叹的) 16-year-old Florida girl, Grace Bush, graduated from both high school and college this week! She actually got her college diploma(毕业证书) before her high school diploma. How’d she do that?

“Hard work and dedication(专心致志)” she told a local TV news station, “have made me succeed in doing high school and college at the same time.” She started taking college courses when she was just 13. She would often get up at 5:30 a.m. and not finish until after 11 p.m.

Doing both at once is a huge achievement, but it has also helped her family save money. She’s one of the 9 children, all home schooled until the age of 13.her father is a math professor while her mother is a part time history teacher in a high school. Grace Bush has earned her college degree in law, with a near perfect CPA of 3.8 and she hopes to become a lawyer one day, although her parents expect her to teach at university. By the way, she also plays basketball in her college team in her spare time.

36. Why does the author say that grace is amazing?

A. She graduate from college at 16.

B. She never went to bed before 11 p. m.

C. She finished high school earlier than others.

D. She got two diplomas from the same school.

37. Which of the following is the key to Grace’s success?

A. Taking college courses at 13.

B. Being devoted to her studies.

C. Being born in a professor’s family.

D. Doing high school and college at the same time.

38. What did the parents do to help grace with her education?

A. They shared with her college history lessons.

B. They made her interested in math.

C. They taught her until she was 13.

D. They hired a part –time teacher.

39. What do grace’s parents want her to be in future?

A. A university teacher. B. A basketball player.

C. A news reporter. D. A lawyer.

B

Ron was an engineer. He planned a change and tried the new job of teaching kids how to swim. Ron’s easy manner soon made him a full-time employee at the swim school.

Now, the 40 hours he works a week takes in weekends, early mornings and late afternoons. He earns around 25% less than he did in engineering. But, at 49.he says he has never been happier. “I’ve had a drop in pay, but I’ve cut back on spending, too. I seldom drive to work so don' have to pay as much for petrol(汽油) I don' t drink as much. I go walking in my lunch break and I’ve lose 20 kilos. I love going to work.The whole family is a lot happier

When one of his brothers called, offering to help him find “a real job", he answered," I don’t care. I know what I’m doing is good.

He admits it as fearful making such a big change when there was the mortgage (分期付款) to pay and kids to clothe and feel, but in the end he feels it is a simple choice, "If you’ re in a job you don’ t like get out. Money’s not everything. If you don’t like it, change—find something you’re going to be happy with.”

40. What is Ron’s new job like?

A. Well-paid B. Easy to do C. Interesting D. No free time

41. How does Ron manage to cut back on spending?

A. He drives less. B. He calls his brothers less.

C. He spends less on clothes. D. He has less food for lunch.

42. What’s Ron’s advice to the readers?

A. Stick to the job if you have kids to raise.

B. Stick to the job if you have mortgage to pay.

C. Change the job if you don’t like it any more.

D. Change the job if you don’t get enough money.

C

It is widely accepted that English is the global language of modern times.

About three decades ago, French was recognized as the language of diplomacy(外交), and German was considered the language of science and technology English now dominates(主导) not only as the language of science but also diplomacy, computing, and tourism. Today, in terms of native speakers, Mandarin Chinese is the world’s largest language.

Yet there are people who believe that China will become the most powerful country in the world some have even fixed the date as the year 2020 .At present, while English is more widely spoken that any other language, there are more people who speak Chinese than English due to the large population in China alone. If China does become a world power there is no doubt that this language will spread worldwide.

As the controversy over which language will become dominant in the world in the world continues, there are many who feel that the dominance of English is unique and irreversible.(不可逆的) However, a separate study from David Graddol’s suggests that the English’s dominant in the scientific area will continue. There is also an argument that the English language would be changed greatly by 2020 for various reasons. With the possibility of China rising as a world power, Mandarin could definitely challenge the dominance the dominance of English as a global language.

43. Which language is now considered as the language of diplomacy?

A. French B. English C. German D. Chinese

44. Which language has the largest population of native speakers?

A. French B. English C. German D. Chinese

45. The author says that Chinese is expected to spread worldwide if _______.

A. more tourists come to China B. China has a larger population

C. China has the modern technology D. China becomes a real world power

46. What does controversy in the last paragraph probably mean?

A. Plan. B. Condition. C. Argument. D. Goal.

D

All but the tiniest of roads have names so they can be recognized on a map, and so people can ask directions to them Americans name a lot of bridges too.

Very often these names carry a clear geographical reference -- the Pennsylvania Turnpike, for example. Or, like George Washington Bridge, roads and bridges are named for famous historical figures or powerful officers.

We make a dig out of naming things, as when someone decided to name an airport after a U.S. judge. So now we have the Baltimore Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport.

Many if not most, of our college buildings are named for wealthy people who gave a lot of money to the schools. And our sports centers took this idea a step further. Companies paid a whole lot of money for what’s called the “naming right” to U. S. cellular field in Chicago, for example, and Citizens Bank Park in Philadelphia.

Now the governor(州长) of Virginia, Bob McDonnell, wants to sell naming rights to roads and bridges in the state. He says not just companies, but also wealthy people, would help the Virginia transportation budget(预算) by paying to have their names --- or perhaps those of loved ones --- placed on roads and bridges, and thus on maps as well.

People hold different views, however. Supporters say Americans are used to having things sponsored. Others disagree, considering the ides as the next step in the “companies of America.” They wonder how far such an idea might spread, and where it would end: at the Burger King Pacific Ocean, perhaps.

47. Most of the roads need to have names so that _____.

A. they can be easily recognized on maps

B. people can learn about them better

C. they can remind people of the past

D. people can enjoy naming them

48. Who are many college buildings named for according to the passage?

A. Powerful officers B. Wealthy people

C. Historical figures D. Famous judges

49. Why does the governor of Virginia want to sell naming rights?

A. To help the transportation budget. B. To make the state well-known.

C. To remember the loved names. D. To increase companies’ sales.

50. What can we learn from the last paragraph?

A. Pacific ocean will be renamed.

B. Americans have sponsored naming a lot.

C. Everything is named by an American company.

D. People have different ideas towards naming things.

五、补全对话(共5句;每句满分为3分,共15分。)

根据中文提示,把对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。

提示:Mary与Bill不期而遇,邀请他一起吃晚饭。但Bill当晚7点要去北京,下周一回来。Mary让Bill回来后给她打电话。

(Mary=M;Bill=B)

M: Bill, is that you? I haven’t seen you a long time.

B: Hi, Mary. Great to see you again. __51 __?

M: Fine. Why don’t we get together and have a chat? How about __52__this evening?

B: Well, it sounds great, but I’m ___53___ at 7 o’clock.

M: What a pity!

B: Well, I’ll be back __54___. We can find a time to meet again.

M: Okay. _55__when you are back.

B: No problem. Goodbye!

M: Bye!

六、书面表达(满分30分)

假设你是李华、写信给英国朋友Tim,问他是否愿意租房子给你的好友李明,并介绍他的情况,内容包括:

1. 品学兼优,将去伦敦某大学学习计算机;

2. 喜爱读书、看电影、听音乐、乐于助人,定能融洽相处;

3. 愿意提供更多信息。

注意:1. 词数应为100左右;

2. 生词:租房子rent a room

*********************************************************************

Dear Tim,

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

Yours,

Li Hua