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2019年成人高考高起点《英语》真题与答案

2021-08-03 15:20:58 作者:成教在线来源:成教在线

2019年全国成人高等学校高起点招生统一考试真题

第I卷(选择题,共105分)

一、语音知识:共5小题;每题1. 5分,共7. 5分。在下列每组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同。找出这个词。

1. A. coat B. road C. broad D. goal

2. A. official B. declare C. active D. picture

3. A. purse B. pure C. curious D. cure

4. A. hide B. like C. time D. give

5. A. question B. station C. direction D. pollution

二、词汇与语法知识:共15小题;每题1. 5分,共22. 5分。从每小题的四个选择项中,选出最佳的一项。

6. He's a great player and I have a lot of respect _______him.

A. of

B. in

C. on

D. for

7. Don't forget to _______your school bag with you when you come here next time.

A. bring

B. deliver

C. fetch

D. take

8. He was late for work this morning because he _______find his key.

A. mustn't

B. wouldn't

C. couldn't

D. shouldn't

9. I asked him to go to the art exhibition, but he said he had _______seen it.

A. still

B. already

C. also

D. often

10. ---Where's your mother, Helen?

---She _______the flowers in the garden.

A. waters

B. is watering

C. watered

D. has watered

11. The children and their parents had great fun _______games in the park.

A. playing

B. play

C. played

D. to play

12. There is only one student _______will surely pass the difficult test.

A. whose

B. which

D. who

C. whom

13. ---Do you like talking with your friends on the phone or through the Internet?

---_______I enjoy writing letters.

A. None

B. Either

C. Neither

D. Both

14. She asked me _______I would like to go with her or not.

A. how

B. when

D. where

C. whether

15. Before you leave the classroom, _______all the lights.

A. turn up

B. turn over

C. turn to

D. turn off

16. If Mom looks out from the kitchen window, she _______us playing in the yard.

A. is seeing

B. will see

C. was seeing

D. has seen

17.---Can you stay here for a few more days?

---_______,but I have to be home tomorrow.

A. No, thank you

B. I'm afraid not

C. I'd love to

D. No problem

18. With a lot of work _______,Jerry had no time to go to the cinema with his daughter.

A. doing

B. having done

C. done

D. to do

19. We're making good progress, _______we've still got a long way to go.

A. but

B. or

C. So

D. thus

20. I hope you will have a _______week with us in China.

A. pleasure

B. pleasing

C. pleased

D. pleasant

三、完形填空:共 15 小题;每题2分,共30分。通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后,从每小题的四个选择项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

Mrs. McTavish looked out. "It's a lovely day, Would you like to go for a walk in the park? "Her children 21 with excitement.

"Before we go, you need to follow some rules. Everyone must 22 close to me. You can't 23 anywhere by yourself. Can you all do that? "

All four 24 they would. As they walked down the street, Fiona said, "I want an ice lolly (冰棍),Mummy. Can we have some?”

"You can if you follow the rules, "answered Mrs. McTavish.

The park is just around the comer. The children ran off to 25 After a while, when Mrs. McTavish looked up she couldn't see Jock. "Fiona, where's Jock? "

"I don't know, Mummy. He's not here 26 , "said Fiona.

The others hadn't 27 Jock either. Mrs. McTavish had to gather her children together and walk around the park28for him. She found him sitting near the ice lolly man. "Jock! What are you doing here? I couldn't 29 you. "

"Mummy, I want an ice lolly, "Jock whispered. "

You can't have one now 30 you didn’t follow the rules. "Mrs. McTavish-__31 one for each of the other children and they licked(漆)them all the way home. Jock cried. When they 32 home she talked to Jock. "Mummy has four children. I must have rules so I can __33__ an eye on you and know you're 34 "Jock said he was 35 and he would follow the rules from then on.

21. A. quarreled B. doubted C. listened D. cheered

22. A. wash B. shake C. holds D. raise

23. A. meet B. lie C. drive D. go

24. A. admitted B. promised C. pretended D. explained

25. A. play B. eat C. practice D. sing

26. A. once more B. any more C. as usual D. at last.

27. A. caught B. known C. seen D. recognized

28. A. looking B. sending C. running D. waiting

29. A. understand B. find C. believe D. accept

30. A. unless B. once C. though D. because

31. A. bought B. made C. sold D. borrowed

32. A. found B. left C. got D. passed

33. A. rest B. open C. put D. keep

34. A. comfortable B. healthy C. safe D. honest

35. A. sorry B. angry C. worried D. happy

四、阅读理解:共15小题;每题3分,共45分。阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从每小题的四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。

A

Some farmers in California are having a hard time picking their crops. There are not enough workers to help them with the harvest.

One farmer used to grow peaches(桃子),but will soon grow almonds(否仁)instead. Peaches require more labor to harvest. They are easy to be damaged and need careful hand picking. He is now removing his peach trees. Then he will plant almond trees in their places. Almonds are harvested differently. It does not take as many workers to pick them because a machine shakes the almond trees. The nuts fall on the ground and then are gathered up. The farmer does not have to hire many workers.

Some farmers think there are two reasons why they can’t find enough farm workers. One reason is that there are a lot of well-paid construction jobs in the area. Many people are taking these jobs instead of picking fruit. The other reason is that it has become more difficult for workers to come from Mexico into California. Fewer workers are allowed to get into the country to work on the fruit farms. To settle the problem, farmers hope the government might allow these workers to work as guests. That would help workers provide for their family and help farmers harvest their crops. When the harvest season is over they'll go back home. Farmers say that unless things change, more fruits will come from other countries. This is because labor is cheaper in those countries than in the United States.

36. What problem do some farmers have?

A. They have no workers to remove fruit trees.

B. There is little land for growing fruit.

C. Their crops were badly damaged last year.

D. It's difficult to harvest their crops.

37. Why does the peach farmer start to plant almonds?

A. There is a greater demand for almonds.

B. Growing almonds takes much less land.

C. A machine can help get almonds off the trees.

D. Almonds will fall on the ground when ripe.

38. Why can't some farmers find enough workers to pick fruit?

A. They grow too many peach trees.

B. People prefer well-paid construction jobs.

C. Few people want to work in California.

D. They don't want to hire workers from Mexico.

39. What will happen if the situation does not improve?

A. The government will hire workers to help with the harvest.

B. More people will move to California from Mexico.

C. Other countries will provide cheaper labor for US farmers.

D. More fruits will be bought from other countries.

B

Scientists have long tried to be able to know more about floods. So far, the best that scientists can do is to recognize the conditions for flooding.

Although deep snow alone seldom causes floods, when it occurs together with heavy rain and sudden warmer weather, it can lead to serious flooding. If there is a fast snow melt(融化)on top of frozen or very wet ground, flooding is likely to occur. Melting snow also causes high water levels in rivers. Whenever rivers are already at their highest possible levels, heavy rains will result in the rivers 'flooding the nearby land.

Rivers covered in ice can also lead to flooding. When ice begins to melt, it breaks into large pieces. These pieces of ice move and float down the river. They can block the river, causing the water to rise and flood the land up the river. If the ice dam(坝)breaks suddenly, the large quantity of water held behind it can flood the areas down the river too.

Broken ice dams are not the only problem that can cause flooding. When a large human-made dam breaks or fails to hold the water collected behind it, it will also cause serious damage.

Although scientists cannot always know when floods will occur, they do know a great deal about when floods are likely, or probably, going to occur.

40. What have scientists achieved in dealing with floods?

A. They have prevented many rivers from flooding.

B. They have reduced the damage caused by floods.

C. They have learned much about conditions for flooding.

D. They have found most of the ice damson the river.

41. When will deep snow lead to floods?

A. The snow suddenly gets frozen.

B. The top of the ground becomes wet.

C. It rains hard with a big rise in temperature.

D. The snow melts gradually into a river.

42. What happens when ice dams break?

A. They may quickly block the river.

B. The ice covering the river may melt fast.

C. A larger ice dam may soon be formed.

D. The areas down the river maybe flooded.

C

It was Sharing Day! The teacher had asked the students to bring something interesting to class. Jimmy found the little box he and Dad had made. Inside was a piece of rock, a sand dollar and a shark(鲨鱼)tooth. Nobody could have anything as interesting as these!

In class, Jimmy waited anxiously, hoping to be called on first by the teacher. But Kara was first. She held up a sand dollar. Jimmy's eyes grew big.

"I found this on the beach, "Kara said. "It's interesting. The little holes that make the sand dollar look like a flower are breathing holes. See all the needles? They help the sand dollar move and dig into the sand. "

Jimmy was a little uneasy. Oh, well, he still had his rock and shark tooth.

Then Mark stood up. "This is my favorite rock, called pumice(浮石)。 ”Then Mark dropped the rock into a glass of water. " Look! Pumice is the only rock that floats! "

Jimmy put up his hand and waved, but the teacher called on Justin instead.

"I found this shark tooth in Hawaii last Christmas, "Justin said.

The class was excited, but Jimmy lowered his head.

"Sharks have rows of teeth. Every time a shark loses a tooth, another one takes its place. "

Justin passed the tooth around.

Jimmy heard the teacher call him. He stood on one foot and then the other. "Well, ah, see……my treasure box is interesting! It was just a piece of wood until Dad and I cut it into piece sand finally made a box out of it. It smells good, reminding us of camping. "

"What's inside? "asked Lisa.

Jimmy opened his box. "A sand dollar, a piece of pumice and a shark tooth. "

His classmates' mouths dropped open. The teacher looked at the objects in the box and smiled."Now that's interesting! "he said.

43. On the Sharing Day, Jimmy_______.

A. bought a treasure box to hold his interesting things.

B. enjoyed the things others brought to the class

C. waited patiently to be called on by his teacher.

D. wished to be the first to share his possessions.

44. What does a sand dollar look like according to Kara?

A. A hole.

B. A needle.

C. A flower.

D. A tooth.

45. Who shared with the class a rock that floats?

A. Lisa.

B. Kara.

C. Justin.

D. Mark.

46. How did Jimmy's classmates feel when they saw the things in his box?

A. Disappointed.

B. Surprised.

C. Anxious.

D. Uneasy.

D

Nineteen-year-old Melissa Goza couldn't figure out why she failed to get a bank card time and time again. It only became clear when she was unsuccessful while looking for a new job in a Target store: Three different people are using her Social Security number(社会保障号)。

Target is one of the companies using credit(信用)reports when hiring new workers. At least one credit report didn't favor Goza in getting the job. A very low credit rate(评价)was under Goza's Social Security number. Target, as required by law, told Goza why the company couldn't offer her the job.

Sacramento lawyer Jennifer Shaw, a specialist in workplace law, says credit reports are just one more way employers use to find dishonest job seekers. "I think we need to know that, right now, there's more information out there. And that means, there's more information that can be used against us, "said Shaw.

Goza's dark cloud may, however, have a silver lining. Target told her she'd be considered again for the job if she could get a letter from the Social Security Department proving that she's the right owner of the Social Security number.

Now that Goza knows she's suffered from other people's wrongdoings, she will order copies of her credit reports to see what she can do to put things right.

47. What do we know about Goza?

A. She got the job from Target.

B. She has had three bad friends.

C. She doesn't have a bank card yet.

D. She was not honest with Target.

48. What did Target first do when refusing to offer Goza the job?

A. They asked her for credit reports.

B. They told her why she couldn't get the job.

C. They found out her wrongdoings.

D. They reported it to the Social Security Department.

49. What does "a silver lining" in Paragraph 4 probably mean?

A. A hopeful future.

B. A bank report.

C. An official letter.

D. A Social Security number.

50. What does Goza have to do next?

A. Clear up her wrong credit reports.

B. Get a new Social Security number.

C. Find a job in another company.

D. Apply for a new bank card.

第II卷(非选择题,共45分)

五、补全对话:共5句;每句满分为3分,共15分。根据中文提示,把对话中缺少的内容写在线上。这些句子必须符合英语表达习惯。打句号的地方,用陈述句;打问号的地方,用疑问句。

提示:李明打电话给 David, 邀请他下星期日去博物馆看展览。

(L=Li Ming; D=David)

L: Hello. This is Li Ming speaking. May I speak to David?

D: 51 . What's up, Li Ming?

L: What are you going to do next Sunday?

D: Nothing much. Do you have any ideas?

L: 52 ? There's a Russian oil painting exhibition there.

D: Good idea! 53 ?

L: Bus 202 will take you there.

D: Good. 54 ,then?

L: Let's meet just at the gate of the museum.

D: 55 ?

L: Half past nine.

D: All right. See you then.

六、书面表达:满分30分。

假设你是李华,写邮件邀请你的留学生朋友Tim到你家一起过中秋。邮件的主要内容包括:

1. 中秋节是中国的重要节日;

2. 家庭团圆、品尝月饼是节日传统;

3. 父母都很欢迎他,妈妈会准备美味佳肴。

注意:1. 词数应为100左右

2. 生词:中秋节 the Mid-autumn Festival; 传统 tradition

Dear Tim,

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

Looking forward to your coming.

Yours,

Li Hua